coburger fuchsschaf standing on a meadow

Coburger Fuchsschaf (Coburg Fox Sheep) – German Sheep Breeds

German sheep breeds are not as popular or numerous as sheep breeds from other countries. There are only eleven breeds originating in Germany. For example, in England, on the other hand, there are 37 native sheep breeds.
Therefore, I want to highlight those old German sheep breeds. And to kick off this series, we will first have a closer look at the Coburger Fuchsschaf (Coburg Fox Sheep).

German Sheep Breeds and their Wool

There are currently about 1.48 million sheep and 50 different sheep breeds in Germany. Most of them are bred for meat or are used for landscape preservation purposes. Due to the climatic conditions in Germany, the wool from German sheep is not as soft as wool from sheep in warmer regions of the world. It has more of a rustic character which makes it warm and durable and ideal for outerwear.

Personally, I knit a lot with yarn from German sheep and have grown accustomed to those more robust yarns. I really like the texture and warmth they have to offer.

In my Etsy shop, I exclusively offer wool from German sheep. Above all, sustainability has been the main aspect for this decision. Using local wool gives me the opportunity to avoid transporting over long distances. Therefore, the wool is not only sourced but also spun – and of course, naturally dyed by myself – here in Germany. It is also a way for me to promote and support the local wool industry. If you are interested in more details, you can read all about my yarns here and here.

The Coburger Fuchsschaf  

The Coburger Fuchsschaf (also known as Coburg Fox Sheep) is a domestic breed from Germany. The wool has a characteristic reddish brown to light golden color.

coburg fox sheep walking on a snowy ground
(picture by Beate Milerski)

Up until the early 20th century, the breed was abundant. However, after World War II and changed performance claims, it was nearly extinct. Thereupon, Otto Stritzel, a breeder and weaver, publicized the favorable characteristics of the Coburger Fuchsschaf. This ensured the survival of the breed and fostered a growing popularity. Subsequently, the breed was officially recognized in 1996. Today, Coburg Fox Sheep are mainly used for landscape preservation purposes. They are also bred for meat. Although the number of Coburger Fuchs sheep has increased considerably in the past years, it is still on the list of endangered sheep breeds.

The Coburger Fuchsschaf is robust and prolific. Therefore, its longevity, hardiness and non-pickiness with regard to food make it an ideal choice for keeping on fallow land and rough ranges. 

two coburger fuchsschaf sheep in deep grass
(picture by Beate Milerski)


  • Many animals have a dorsal stripe
  • Both sexes are polled (hornless)
  • Unicolored (brown to golden) with a red head
  • Legs are free of wool
  • Ears are broad and long
  • Head is noble looking with a slight Roman nose profile
  • On average, ewes have 2 lambs per litter
  • It is possible to breed them three times in two years
  • Rams produce 4 to 5 kg (8.8 to 11.0 lb) and ewes produce 3 to 4 kg (6.6 to 8.8 lb) of wool yearly

Coburger Fuchsschaf Wool

The specialty of the Coburger Fuchsschaf is its long wool.  Lambs are born with a dark red-brown fleece that gets lighter when they grow up.  The resulting so-called Golden Fleece contains dark kempy hair, which impart an appealing golden color contrast in the yarn. The yarn is truly beautiful and unique. It has a micron count between 33 and 36 micron.

coburg fox yarn undyed natural

In general, the micron count specifies the diameter of the wool fiber and its softness. In short, the lower the number, the finer the fiber. Coburger Fuchsschaf wool has a rather high micron count which makes it a rustic fiber. It is suitable not only for knitting outerwear but can also be used for spinning, weaving and felting.

Rosemary & Pines Fiber Arts Coburg Fox Yarn

Coburger Fuchsschaf is one of the sheep breeds I offer in my Etsy shop. Here are the characteristics of my yarn base:

  • 100% organic Coburg Fox wool
  • sourced, spun and handdyed with natural dyes in Germany
  • non-superwash, plastic and mulesing free
  • 300 m (328 yards) per 100 g (3,5 oz)
  • 2ply
  • recommended needle size 2,5 – 3,5 mm (US size 1 – 4)

The fiber is woolen spun which produces a lofty, airy yarn. As a result, the knitted fabric has a remarkable warmth and lightness to it. It is suitable for knitting cozy accessories and garments.

I hope you enjoyed the overview of this old German landsheep breed. Learning about the sheep breeds that originate in your home country and trying out yarns from less popular breeds can be such an interesting experience. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations offers a breed data base where you can search for country and species, in case you want to give it a try:

Do you want to give knitting with sustainable, all natural sock yarn a try?

In this free guide you will learn everything you need to know about knitting sturdy socks with plastic-free, all natural sock yarn.

cover of a free guide on knitting with all natural sock yarn by rosemary & pines fiber arts, featuring several pictures of hand knitted socks, colorful all natural yarns and a woman holding a piece of knitting in her hands

Pin It For Later: Coburg Fox Sheep

coburger fuchsschaf standing on a meadow with text saying: Coburger Fuchsschaf, German Sheep Breeds,

Want to learn how to dye yarn using natural dyes?

I have created a beginner’s guide to natural dyeing that contains everything you need to know to get started. And the best thing: it is available for free!

four hand dyed skeins of yarn in shades of purple and blue on a wooden surface and a text saying beginner's guide: natural dyeing. everything you need to know to get started dyeing yarn with natural dyes

References & Further Reading:

Unfortunately, most of these sites are only available in German.


I am a yarn dyeing artist, writer and educator.
I am also an avid knitter and love to create something with my hands every day.
Read more about me here:

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